Made in Madagascar: Sapphires, Ecotourism, and the Global Bazaar
by Andrew Walsh
About search engine:
what should we get when search
-> Travel tourism
-> news and "facts"
-> species, conservations
-> as "natural paradise"
-> threatened evironment
world monument, wildlife, biodiversity
global interests articulated in terms of outsider interests
introduces external actors
save these resources for the good of this world
social needs historical rights criminalized through global discourse
creations of parks/reservations
in the process
redefined as containing only protected reserves where in fact they also contain people
in conjunction of the government
protecting the flora and ferna and not much attention on people
people in madagascar not accomodated
global rankings of MAD: 147 of 160, below liberia
what is like of a citizen in this country
the lived experience of human being in this "natural paradise"
athro participation in globalization
cultural anthro- get what? -> what the living experiences of human in the background of gobalization
forms of representation
not removing himself of this
conscious of the fact
taking people seriously
not everybody on the face of Mad
"partial truth" not claiming to be encapsulating in terms of sociology in MAD
very important choices about particular domains/ communities /sites that he is engaging with
then look at the title "sapphires trade" "ecotourism"
two main domains
who he talked to what he studied
not only extracted site "ankarana"
but also the export
story of transformation and meaning of stuff in the earth
that people talked about given their children one or town generations before(sapphire)
being recreated in the global market
grounding this story in xxx perspective
people of Ankarana
how they participate in this commodity chain?
reading this book
for rationalizing what seems to be very disperate industry
division of labor of sapphire trade
in ecotourism industry
"class level division"
miners - the bottom
merchants, traders, labor contractors
global actors, NGO,WWF
piles of rock converted into monetary ..
who controls the process?
diff of bazaar and capital market?
local rulers political embeded in global xx.
political economy in madagascar
to describe a commodity chain
quantifying issues might tell us
he think is important
taking people seriously
commodification of culture stuff
e.g. Salem in MASS
various stages of its transformation
chili coffee bean sugar cane
history of rubber
in talking about that history
historical issues and political issues
concept of plantation
where is grown, labor? landowners?
why is tea grown in the northern region of India?
How long has been?
Who first planted?
sugar cane plantation in Carribean
not local production system
but colonial importations in areas where the environment and labor system
in the land ..
not indigenous identification locally significant industries
but story of the French/English domination of local lands in growing conditions that not presented in Europe
that's the history
of commodity chains
start in colonial and post colonial settings
and plantation is global phenomenon farmer owned user petion
residual of colonialism
colonial states of production
local division of labor manifest local forms knowledge manifest in global commodity chains
Sweetness and power
during peirod of conquest
16- 18 th centuies tell the story of transformations in the supplier side
coffee chocolate sugar salt
selection process of major themes, args, data that support that arg
why is this arg particular the important one
risking and daring